This article introduces the concept, responsibilities, meaning and design steps of the lighting designer, and shares the status of the industry at home and abroad with readers.
Rising sun rises, the sun shines, the stars shine, the lights are on the top... Whether it is natural or artificial light, light interacts with indoor and outdoor building materials, affecting the form and function of space. Light redefines and changes the space. It is not difficult to find that from the designer to the owner, they all expect to be able to use the light creatively and efficiently to obtain an extraordinary sense of space.
In recent years, with the adoption of more and more new building materials, the light characteristics of building materials have become diversified and complicated, posing new challenges to the architectural light environment. Then there were such professionals who used their own understanding of light and space to combine the complex lighting technology with the rich visual images of architects and interior designers to enhance the comfort and functionality of each project. Aesthetic and value. These professionals are lighting designers, or lighting consultants, lighting consultants, lighting designers, who work in the field of lighting design.
The role of lighting designers is between architects, interior designers and electrical engineers who speak two languages: technical and artistic. On the one hand, they are familiar with the latest lighting research results and lighting technology to understand the characteristics of new building materials as well as traditional and emerging lamps; on the other hand, they understand the space concept of architects and interior designers, and choose the best design method. Help express these ideas and even create new visual effects.
In general, the services provided by professional lighting designers are generally divided into two categories. The first category is technically strong projects, such as industrial lighting, stadium lighting, usually based on the technical requirements of the architectural drawings and object operations provided, to determine lighting design standards, to provide lighting layout and control solutions; the other is artistic comparison Strong projects, such as restaurant lighting, hotel lighting, and outdoor floodlighting, in addition to meeting lighting technology requirements, require more communication with architects, interior designers, and owners to create artistic spatial effects.
Hiring a professional lighting designer brings many advantages to both the project design team and the project itself and the end user. For the project design team, the subdivision of duties makes the work efficiency improve, and through the selection of light color and lighting form, enriching the design elements, emphasizing the details of the design, improving the level of building energy conservation, and making the design more precise.
Beautify the space effect. For the end users of the project itself, professional support will be obtained during the project process to reduce the waste of funds. Professional lighting designers have a broad understanding of lighting products so that lighting can be integrated into space design accurately and efficiently. They control the project budget, provide the best, energy-efficient lighting design, specify the characteristics of the luminaire, facilitate the bidding of the luminaire, evaluate the performance of the replacement system, guide the installation of the luminaire, and consider the maintenance of the luminaire system.
The steps of lighting design are generally divided into three phases: the design phase, the construction phase, and the on-site commissioning phase.
In the design stage of the project, it mainly collects all aspects of information, determines the effect of selecting lamps, draws renderings, estimates total power consumption, determines the lighting scheme and lighting control scheme; in the construction drawing phase, it mainly provides the layout of the lamps. Provide lighting list and lighting control system diagram, sometimes even distribution system diagram, as well as designated list of lamps, custom lighting design, installation node design, etc.; in the field debugging stage, mainly on-site lighting angle, final lighting effect And the determination of dynamic control effects.
At present, lighting designers are mainly concentrated in Europe, the United States and Japan. There are many well-known lighting design firms in Europe, mostly concentrated in London, Edinburgh and other places, where many excellent lighting designers have also been trained. More well-known DPA lighting design firm, whose work is a wonderful fusion of light and architecture, its founder DEREK PHILIPS enjoys a high reputation in the international lighting industry. His book "Lighting Design in Architecture" - 1964 It has been a textbook for the lighting design industry. There are many lighting design firms in the United States, mostly in the form of individual firms, and they are also very active. At present, the main contact in China is "LIGHTSOUCE", LIGHTING ART", etc. The former is subject to the familiar projects of Shanghai's super five-star Nanyang Hotel and Shangri-La Hotel in Lujiazui. The latter is like the Tomorrow Square. Hotel department
Japanese lighting design firm is based on experience from Europe and the United States, with a simple and delicate design. Like Shijingzi Lighting Design Office, which was founded in 1968 by Shijingzi after two years of study in Finland and Germany, her design emphasizes the application of new lighting technology and the dynamic design of scenes. In recent years, the night scene planning of Shanghai Pudong New Area has been Have received her guidance. Her book "LIGHT TO INFINITY" is a detailed introduction to her project in 1895-1990, which is very inspiring. Under the leadership of the Japanese lighting planner (Mr. Kaoru Mend, his works can be felt from the American design language.
In addition, lighting design offices in Hong Kong and Taiwan, China, have completed many projects in China in recent years due to the same language and culture, such as Hong Kong's â€œGuan Yongquan Lighting Design Officeâ€ and Taiwan's â€œChroma33 Dagong Design Consultant Officeâ€. ". The Shanghai Lighting Society has also invited Mr. Yao Rengong from â€œChroma33 Dagong Design Consultancyâ€ to introduce their experiences.
In China, with the development of urban lighting, lighting designers are still an emerging industry. At present, its personnel composition mainly comes from design units, government lighting management departments and lighting suppliers. In some large-scale architectural design institutes and special design offices; there are special people engaged in lighting design; and some lighting management offices, there are also specialized design teams; more active in the market, are some lighting suppliers, they are providing products At the same time, it will also provide design services, and even win the product supply by winning the design logo. Internationally renowned companies, such as Philips, GE and Thorn, have dedicated design departments and personnel to work in the industry; some domestic lighting companies provide lighting design services while providing lighting products. Their competitive advantage lies in the familiarity with the performance of the products, the reasonable application of the products, and the full play of the performance of the products; but objectively, they are sometimes limited to their own products in some projects, and the design concept is played.
It is hoped that with the development of China's economy, the lighting design industry will be more developed.