According to incomplete statistics, the newly installed capacity of wind power in the first half of 2011 has exceeded 6,000 megawatts, and China has become the world's largest wind power market.
"In 2010, China's newly installed capacity of wind power reached 18,928 MW, and its cumulative installed capacity reached 44,733 MW, ranking first in the world. According to incomplete statistics, the installed capacity of new wind power in the first half of 2011 exceeded 6,000 MW, China It has become the world's largest wind power market.â€ On October 19, He Dexin, director of the Wind Energy Professional Committee of the Chinese Renewable Energy Society, stated at the 2011 Beijing International Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition. After China has become a world leader in wind energy, how the wind power industry maintains scientific, healthy and sustainable development has become the focus of attention in the industry and hot topics discussed by the conference.
Wind power development line begins to be clear
On October 19th, China's first "China Wind Power Development Roadmap 2050" was officially released at the 2011 Beijing International Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition. Wang Zhongying, deputy director of the Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, disclosed the relevant contents of the above road map.
Wang Zhongying said that in the next 40 years, China's land, offshore, and offshore wind power will all have varying degrees of development. By 2030-2050, the annual installed capacity will be about 30 million kilowatts.
The development target set by the roadmap is: By 2020, 2030 and 2050, the installed capacity of wind power in China will reach 200 million, 400 million and 1 billion kilowatts respectively, becoming one of the major power sources in China. By 2050, wind power will satisfy Domestic 17% of electricity demand.
The layout of wind power development in the future will be based on land-based wind power before 2020, and demonstration of offshore wind power will be carried out. From 2021 to 2030, onshore and offshore wind power will be developed with equal importance, and offshore wind power demonstration will be carried out; Onshore wind power and near-distance wind power development.
Although companies are currently storming offshore wind power, it can be seen from the above layout that the development of offshore wind power in China will still take some time. In this regard, Shi Pengfei, deputy director of the Wind Energy Professional Committee of the China Renewable Energy Society, said that the difficulty in coordinating marine functional zoning is currently an important factor that restricts the development of offshore wind energy. "Now the planning for offshore wind power development has not yet been set, or even delayed." Shi Pengfei said.
The quota system may be introduced at the end of the year
Wang Zhongying stated that in order to promote the development of wind power, the relevant departments should take six key actions in the next decade. The first is to implement the renewable energy power generation quota and the grid security acquisition system. The relevant system is expected to be introduced by the end of 2011. At the meeting on the morning of the 19th, Shi Lishan, deputy director of the New Energy and Renewable Energy Division of the National Energy Administration, also made it clear that promoting sustained and healthy development of wind power requires continuous improvement of the legal system and policy environment, including the formulation of mandatory consumption quota policies.
"After the introduction of the "Renewable Energy Law," we have been studying the quota system. In the past, the market size was relatively small, so we did not introduce relevant measures or systems, but now the time for the quota system to be issued has matured." National Energy Administration New Energy Liang Zhipeng, deputy director of the Department of Renewable Energy, said in an interview with reporters: "As for whether the system can be implemented this year, it is still not easy to say."
In addition, Wang Zhongying also responded to the issue of the special funds for renewable energy that the industry is concerned about. China has implemented a sub-regional fixed electricity price system for wind power since 2006, and stipulated that the on-grid electricity price for wind power is higher than the desulfurization and coal-fired electricity price, which is paid by the renewable energy development fund. According to the distance between the wind farm and the existing transmission line, the wind power grid connection subsidy standard of RMB 0.01-0.03/kW was determined.
â€œThe fund will not have the problem of being 'unusual' as it is known from the outside world.â€ Wang Zhongying said, â€œIt is expected that the cost of land-based wind power generation will be equal to the coal price in 2020.â€ Wang Zhongying stated that at present, China's coal price does not reflect the true cost of resources. If it can be truly reflected, the power generation price of wind power will be earlier than the coal price. Government subsidies will reach a peak around 2015, after which the subsidies will drop substantially as the cost of wind power falls.
Wind power accident reporting system will be established
Regarding the recent occurrence of many accidents in China's wind power equipment, Shi Lishan said, â€œWe will supervise the quality issues of wind power equipment, including the replacement of important components and various types of accidents, establishment of a reporting system, and regular announcements. ."
It is understood that starting from 2008, the price of wind turbines in our country has dropped by almost 1,000 yuan per year. In the tender for Huaneng Wind Farm unit at the beginning of this year, the tender price for 1.5 MW wind power equipment has dropped from about RMB 6,200 per kilowatt in early 2008 to 4,500.
For the reasons for the drastic decrease in the prices of domestic wind turbines, the industry generally believes that after the wind power industry experienced five years of â€œout-of-the-boxâ€ high-speed growth, the overcapacity situation began to appear. At present, there are nearly 100 complete machine manufacturers in the country. The total production capacity in 2011 is expected to reach 29 GW, but the actual demand is only 15-18 GW. In this environment, companies are winning bids and are not hesitating to push prices down to the bottom line. Other companies have also lowered their prices in order to increase their competitiveness.
Min Yang, chief operating officer of Mingyang Wind Power Co., Ltd., said that the current machine manufacturers face the unfavorable situation of low prices and high costs. The main unit has entered the era of meager profits and basically does not make money.
After the enterprise "price war", the quality of wind turbines also followed. â€œPrice competition is an important cause of frequent problems in the quality of domestic wind power equipment and its components in recent years,â€ an industry source told reporters.
Wu Jialiang, general manager of Sany Electric Co., Ltd., criticized the quality of some of Chinaâ€™s current wind turbines. â€œThe 40 million kilowatts of installed equipment now have huge quality risks. There are a variety of problems. Some wind farms cannot be delivered for two or three years. There are The unit was not even equipped with test benches."
For the status of overcapacity and excessive competition in China's wind power industry, Henning Kruse, director of government relations at Siemens Wind Power, gave two suggestions: one is to provide high quality and reliable products, and the other is to learn to say â€œnoâ€ when profits are too low.